Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of your spine, just below your rib cage. They remove waste and fluid from your body, maintain blood pressure and keep your bones strong. They also ensure that you have the proper amount of minerals and electrolytes in your blood, such as potassium and sodium (salt). Also, they release a hormone that maintains Haemoglobin in your body.
What Is Dialysis?
Dialysis is a treatment modality that is offered to people with kidney failure. Kidney Dialysis Costs in Hyderabad are also budget-friendly at our clinic. When you have kidney failure, your kidneys do not filter blood properly. As a result, wastes and toxins build up in the bloodstream. Dialysis treatment replaces your kidneys by removing waste products and excess fluid from your blood.
Who Needs Dialysis?
Dialysis may be required for people who have kidney failure or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Kidney disease can be caused by injuries or conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, and lupus.
Kidney failure can be chronic or acute, resulting from a severe illness or injury. Usually, acute kidney failure is reversible if treated appropriately, but chronic kidney failure is irreversible. Hence the need for dialysis is temporary in acute kidney failure, and the need for dialysis will be permanent in chronic kidney failure.
Types of Dialysis?
There are two types of dialysis:
- Peritoneal dialysis
What Is Haemodialysis?
Haemodialysis is a type of Kidney Dialysis Treatment in Hyderabad, a way of removing waste products from the blood when the kidneys can no longer function properly. A machine filters wastes, salts, and fluid from the blood during Haemodialysis. Also, Haemodialysis helps to control blood pressure and also helps to maintain the balance of important minerals in your blood, such as potassium, sodium, and calcium.
Symptoms of kidney failure may include:
- Fatigue, or tiredness
- Increasingly frequent need to urinate, especially at night
- Itchy skin
- Erectile dysfunction
- Nausea and vomiting
- Shortness of breath
- Water retention, leading to swollen feet, hands, and ankles
- Blood in urine
- Protein in urine
Haemodialysis preparation begins several weeks to months before your first procedure. The doctor will use the vascular access to insert two needles into your arm at the start of each haemodialysis treatment. Your blood will flow through one needle from your vascular access to the dialysis machine and then through the other needle back to your body. The surgical access needs time to heal before you begin haemodialysis treatment.
There Are Three Types Of Vascular Access:
AV (arteriovenous) fistulaThe AV fistula is the safest type of vascular access. It can last for years and is vulnerable to infections and blood clots. An artery (a large blood vessel that carries blood from your heart) and a vein (a blood vessel that carries blood to your heart) are connected together under the skin in your arm, and this procedure is done by a surgeon in a non-dominant arm of the patient. For example, if you are right-handed, then the preferred fistula site will be the left arm. Because the fistula requires time to heal after surgery, you should get an AV fistula two to three months before you need to begin dialysis. After two to three months, the fistula will be strong enough to allow needles to be inserted and removed several times per week.
Because the fistula requires time to heal after surgery, you should get an AV fistula two to three months before you need to begin dialysis. After two to three months, the fistula will be strong enough to allow needles to be inserted and removed several times per week.AV graft:
The next best vascular access option after an AV fistula is an AV graft. A plastic tube is used by a surgeon to connect an artery and vein under the skin in your arm. It is preferable to have an AV graft two to three weeks before starting dialysis treatment.Catheter:
A HD catheter is a Y-shaped plastic tube with a large bore. Catheter users are more likely to be infected and have blood clots and scarring. The catheter's one end is inserted into a large vein deep inside your body. The other two ends come out through your skin.
A temporary venous catheter connects to a vein in your neck, chest, or leg and hangs from an opening in your skin outside your body. If you require dialysis immediately, your doctor may recommend a temporary venous catheter because it can be placed and used on the same day. However, it should only be used for a short period.
A tunnelled catheter is usually attached to a vein in your neck. It is safer than a venous catheter and can be used for a longer period.
Talk with Our Best nephrologist in Hyderabad to decide which type of vascular access is best for you. No matter what type of vascular access you get, you must take care of it to protect your health as long as possible.
What Happens During Haemodialysis?
Your blood is filtered through a dialyzer outside your body during haemodialysis. Dialyzers are sometimes referred to as "artificial kidneys."
During haemodialysis, your blood flows from your body into a dialysis machine via tubes. While in the machine, your blood passes through a filter called a dialyzer, which cleans your blood by removing waste and extra fluid. The cleaned blood is then returned to your body via tubes from the dialysis machine. Your doctor will need to make access in order to get your blood into the dialyzer. This is known as vascular access.
What Are The Different Forms Of Haemodialysis?
There are three ways haemodialysis can be performed:In-Center Haemodialysis:
You visit a hospital or a dialysis centre near you. Haemodialysis is typically performed three times per week for three to five hours per day.Home Haemodialysis:
After adequate training, you do the dialysis treatments at home. Haemodialysis is typically performed three times per week (or every other day). Consult your doctor about how long each session should last. A session could last up to 6 hours, and it may help you feel better.Nocturnal Haemodialysis:
Nocturnal Dialysis (sometimes called overnight Dialysis) is, simply put, dialysis therapy that is performed overnight while you sleep.
Advantages of Haemodialysis:
- Improved sleeping patterns and increased energy levels
- Reduces nausea and increases appetite
- Lowers high blood pressure levels
- Reduces cramping and other body aches
- Helps with dry and itchy skin
- Increases the production of red blood cells in your body
- Low risk of infection
- Less surgical interventions
While haemodialysis can be effective at replacing some lost kidney function, you may experience some of the related conditions listed below, though not everyone does. In this procedure best dialysis centre near you will help you in overcoming these situations.
- Low blood pressure (hypotension)
- Muscle cramp
- Sleep problems • Anaemia (hypertension)
- Fluid overload
- Inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart (pericarditis)
- High potassium levels (hyperkalaemia) or low potassium levels (hypokalaemia)
- Access site complications
DR Pranith Ram's Renal care centre is the Hemodialysis Treatment In Hyderabad. Our Nephrologists work to provide accessible kidney dialysis treatments to prioritize patients’ quality of life above all else. If you’re living with kidney disease and are wondering if dialysis is right for you, contact DR PRANITH RAM, Best Nephrologist in Hyderabad, today for a consultation.