What Is Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), also known as chronic kidney failure Treatment in Hyderabad, is the gradual and irreversible loss of kidney function that involves filtering wastes and excess fluids from the blood and excreting them in urine. And kidneys may stop working if the damage is severe. This is also known as kidney failure, and at this stage, one will require either dialysis or a kidney transplant.
People who are at high risk of developing CKD should have their kidney function checked regularly. Early detection can help prevent the progression of severe kidney damage. Our Best Chronic Kidney Disease Doctors in Hyderabad.
Stages Of Chronic Kidney Disease:
Based on the severity of renal function, CKD is divided into five stages, as described below
Stage 1: Slight damage to the kidney (eGFR* (ml/min): 90 and higher)
Stage 2: Mild decrease in kidney function (eGFR* (ml/min): 60 to 89)
Stage 3: Moderate decrease in kidney function (eGFR* (ml/min): 30 to 59)
Stage 4: Severe decrease in kidney function (eGFR* (ml/min): 15 to 29)
Stage 5: Kidney failure (eGFR* (ml/min): Less than 15)
GFR Means glomerular filtration rate..
When Kidney failure occurs, the body accumulates water, waste, and toxic substances that are normally excreted by the kidney. And also, loss of kidney function causes anaemia, high blood pressure, metabolic acidosis (excessive acidity of body fluids), high cholesterol and fatty acid disorders, and bone disease. And these effects are due to the loss of endocrine actions of kidneys in severe kidney damage.
Symptoms Of A Chronic Kidney Disease:
Chronic kidney disease treatment is usually silent, and one may not have any symptoms in the early stages of kidney disease. Excessive urination (Nocturia) is an early symptom of chronic kidney disease. And in the later stages of CKD, the kidneys gradually lose their ability to filter waste and fluid from the blood, and hence one may observe symptoms such as:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Tiredness and weakness
- Uncontrollable High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Shortness of breath on minimal exertion
- Anaemia (Low haemoglobin levels)
- Chest pain due to pericarditis
- Excessive bleeding
- Decrease in urination and swelling of the body
- Decreased sexual interest
- Erectile dysfunction
- Persistent itching
- Metallic Taste in Mouth/Ammonia Breath
- Dizziness and Trouble Concentrating
- Muscle twitches and cramps etc.
Causes Of Chronic Kidney Disease:
Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. High blood pressure is the second leading cause of kidney failure. Diabetes and high blood pressure can both result in accelerated damage to the kidneys over time.
Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease:
- Type 1 or type 2 diabetes
- High blood pressure
- Interstitial nephritis
- Polycystic kidney disease or other inherited kidney diseases
- Nephrotic syndrome
- Vesicoureteral reflux
- Lupus nephritis
- Recurrent kidney infection
AKI can cause no symptoms in some cases and is only found through other tests performed by nephrologists.
Chronic Kidney Disease Diagnosis:
The following tests and procedures are required to ascertain the presence of chronic kidney disease:
- Medical history
- Blood tests
- Urine tests
- Imaging tests – Renal doppler scan and renal ultrasound
- Kidney biopsy
- Abdominal CT scan and MRI
Most of the causes of CKD are also risk factors for the condition. In addition to diabetes and high blood pressure, some other risk factors include:
- Having a family history of kidney disease.
- Being older, as CKD is much more common among people over 60 years of age
- Having obesity
- Having heart disease
- Having sustained previous damage to the kidneys
Treatment Options For CKD:
There are several Kidney Failure Treatments in Hyderabad, with options depending on the condition's underlying cause and the CKD stage. Treatment options for CKD include:
Lifestyle changes include quitting smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, and eating well.
Medications are used to control blood pressure, cholesterol, iron, calcium, or vitamin D levels.
Kidney transplant is also advised for patients with kidney failure and also for dialysis patients.
Doctors For Chronic Kidney Disease CKD Treatment:
Are you looking for the Best Chronic Kidney Disease Doctors in Hyderabad? Without treatment, CKD can lead to serious health issues such as end-stage renal disease (ESRD). But if treated early, some patients may be stabilized or delay the progression of their condition.
Make an appointment with CKD Doctors if you have signs or symptoms of chronic kidney disease. Early detection and proper Chronic Renal Failure Treatment might help prevent kidney disease from progressing to kidney failure.
If you have a medical condition that increases your risk of kidney disease, DR PRANITH RAM, the Best Chronic Kidney Disease Doctor in Hyderabad, may monitor your blood pressure and kidney function with appropriate tests during your consultation for CKD treatment.